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What is Freckles and What Causes Freckles?

Freckles causes
Freckles are tan or light brown spots on your skin, often formed in areas that are exposed to the sun such as the face. Unlike moles, freckles are not raised up from the skin’s surface and are smooth to touch.
If you are worrying about your freckles, continue reading to find out what causes freckles, and what you can do in Singapore to remove or prevent your freckles. 

What causes freckles? 

Freckles form as a result of the overproduction of melanin – the pigment responsible for your skin and hair colour. They are found on skin that is regularly exposed to the sun. The more time you spend in the sun, the more melanin is produced, resulting in more freckles. 

Genetics also play a contributory role in your freckles. If certain members of the family are prone to freckled skin, it’s likely that others will be too. 

There are 2 main categories of freckles – ephelides and solar lentigines. Ephelides form as a result of sun exposure and sunburns while solar lentigines develop into dark patches of skin during adulthood due to various factors. The two types may look similar but are different in terms of their development.

 Freckles are a form of skin pigmentation that either fades or becomes more visible over time due to external and internal factors. Hereditary freckles disappear as you age, while freckles caused by sun damage tend to be more visible over time. 

How to take care of freckled skin 

Freckled skin will require extra attention as you will want to avoid causing more freckles than you already have. Prevention is key. 

Here are some tips for your freckled skin: 

  1. Stay out of the sun during the hottest hours (10 am – 4 pm) 
  2. Apply moisturizer after a period of time in the sun. This will keep your freckled skin smooth and supple.  
  3. Apply water-resistant sunscreen with at least SPF 30 on your skin every day.  
  4. Use an umbrella or hat whenever you go out.

How to completely remove freckles

Here are some effective ways to remove your freckles at Eeva Medical Aesthetic Clinic  in Singapore

Pigmentation Removal Treatment from Eeva Medical Aesthetic Clinic 

  1. Korean CuRAS Laser

Laser therapy is probably one of the best ways to remove freckles. It uses pulses of focused, intense light energy to target pigments in the skin. Depending on the type of laser used, results may vary with minimal side effects. If you’re considering a laser therapy to remove freckles on your face, Eeva Medical Clinic offers several types of laser treatment such as the Korean Curas M1064 Specific Melasma Targeting Laser

After a few treatment sessions, you will observe reduced pigmentation and brightened skin.

It also doubles up as a laser facial. It unclogs pores, stimulates collagen production, and speeds up skin turnover. Laser treatment helps in scar healing for those with depressed acne scars by inducing fibroblasts (collagen-producing cells) to create collagen. This enhances the appearance of your scars and the overall quality of your skin.

Thus, you have the added benefit of experiencing a laser facial, as well as acne scar reduction. 

  1. Sylfirm PNRF (Pulsed Radio-frequency) 

If you are considering a laser treatment, doing a Sylfirm PNRF treatment holistically complements the overall result. Sylfirm PNRF utilizes ultrashort pulsed RF (radiofrequency) to treat freckles by repairing the damaged skin’s basement membrane and targeting abnormal blood vessels that aggravate pigmentation. 

Sylfirm treatments can be combined with laser treatments to achieve synergies. Laser treatment will treat superficial pigmentation on the skin’s surface, while Sylfirm protects the skin, preventing possible side effects.

Simultaneously, Sylfirm restores the basement membrane by accurately repairing damaged skin cells, without affecting neighbouring healthy skin areas. This accelerates freckles removal treatment by targeting the root cause, decreasing chances of recurrence. 

Developed in Silicon Valley, clinical studies have proven Sylfirm’s safety and efficacy in treating skin concerns such as melasma, redness, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and many more. It can brighten skin tone, tighten pores, cure acne scars, fix fine wrinkles, and rejuvenate the skin overall. 

What’s next? 

With a collective experience of more than 40 years in the medical and aesthetic field along with personal experience in pigmentation, our doctors are always on the lookout for innovative, creative protocols in treating skin pigmentation. Consult our doctors at Eeva Medical Aesthetic Clinic to know more about the available treatments.

Article references: 

  1. Goorochurn, Ranesha, et al. “Biological Processes in Solar Lentigo: Insights Brought by Experimental Models.” Wiley Online Library, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 10 Mar. 2016, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/exd.12937. 
  2. DJ;, González N;Goldberg. “Update on the Treatment of Scars.” Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2019, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31251547/. 


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