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male & female hair loss

Hair loss can severely affect men and women’s emotional wellbeing and quality of life, with hair thinning and bald spots affecting our self-esteem and confidence. However, did you know that hair loss patterns show up very differently in men and women? In this article, we share everything you need to know about male & female hair loss patterns, also medically termed as androgenetic alopecia. Regardless of whether you’re a male or female, you will know exactly when it’s time for hair loss treatment, and how to describe your condition to your hair loss clinic in Singapore. Let us take you on your hair growth journey. 

Male Hair Loss Pattern

Male pattern hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss in men and tends to develop slowly,  causing thinning and hair loss for many years. 

It can begin in your teens or twenties, but more often than not, it appears in the later stages of life. By 50 years of age, many men tend to show visible signs of male-pattern hair loss such as: 

  • Noticeable thinning or hair loss beginning at temples or crown of the head 
  • Balding or bald spots 
  • Receding hairline to form an “M” shape, or recede until most of the hair is gone 

Also known as androgenetic alopecia, male pattern hair loss is due to a combination of hormones (male sex hormones called androgens) and a genetic predisposition. Male pattern hair loss is an inheritable condition, caused by a genetically determined sensitivity to the effects of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on certain areas of the scalp. 

DHT can shorten the growth phase of the hair cycle from the typical duration of 3-6 years to just weeks or months. This occurs concurrently with miniaturization of the follicles, progressively producing fewer and finer hairs. Eventually, the growth cycle ends and no new hair grows in its place. 

Treatment for male hair loss 

It’s hard to prevent your hair from falling out as you age, but there are definitely hair regrowth treatments that you can turn to. Here are just some of the options you can discuss with your doctor. 

1. Over-the-counter (OTC) medication and prescription

Currently, there are 2 well-known medications to treat male pattern baldness which have been approved by the FDA. They are: 

  • Minoxidil / Rogaine, which is available in pharmacies as a liquid or foam. Apply it to the scalp twice a day to stimulate hair growth and prevent hair loss. 
  • Finasteride / Propecia / Proscar, which is a pill that is taken daily, and is only available with your doctor’s prescription. 

Both medications may take up to a year for any visible results, and they have to be consumed long term to see any consistent improvement. 

2. Hair transplant 

This is typically viewed as the last resort option for very severe hair loss, as it’s a surgical procedure that is expensive, painful, and comes with risks like infections and scarring. You might also need to do multiple hair transplant treatments to achieve a favourable outcome. The 2 most well-known hair transplant procedures are follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction. 

FUT involves removing some skin from the back of your scalp which is rich in hair, removing follicles from that strip of skin, and then transplanting them into the part of the scalp where there’s hair loss. In FUE, hair follicles are removed directly from the scalp, and reinserted into the bald parts of the scalp. 

3. Laser treatment 

Studies1 have shown that laser therapy is safe and effective in treating male pattern hair loss. It works by reducing inflammation that prevents the regrowth of hair follicles. However, a successful outcome is dependent on the clinic you go to. Instead of going to a regular hair salon, it’s recommended to visit an experienced hair doctor that can administer a medical-grade laser. At Eeva Medical Aesthetic Clinic,  our medical-grade hair laser is FDA-approved, stimulates hair growth, increases hair thickness and density, stimulates the Scalp Growth Factor, and even balances scalp oil production. With this stamp of approval from the FDA, some patients even take their regular laser treatment as a sort of lunchtime relaxation.

4. Scalp massage 

Surprisingly, scalp massage can indeed be a wonderful source of comfort while helping to stimulate the hair follicles and improve hair density. Research has shown that men who received scalp massage every day for a period of 6 months had thicker hair after the study. 

If you’re lazy to massage your scalp, check out our Eeva Clinical Scalp Repair and Hair Growth Stimulation Treatment System. This is a super-effective medical-grade scalp repair cocktail specially customized for each patient by our beloved doctors.  Not only does it repair scalp problems, it also does a deep cleanse and stimulates hair growth. All while being painless and non-invasive. 

5. Well-balanced diet and supplements 

Try to eat foods that are high in iron, omega-3 fatty acids, and high protein as these will help with healthy hair growth. Fruits, vegetables, and plenty of water definitely help. Oral supplements for hair regrowth will be beneficial, but consult your doctor for a recommendation. It has been clinically documented that proteoglycan levels decline within the hair follicle in age-related or genetic hair loss (Androgenetic Alopecia), post-pregnancy hair loss (Postpartum Effluvium) and whilst experiencing stress-related hair loss (Telogen Effluvium).

Nourkrin Hair Growth+ is a bioactive proteoglycan formula used as a Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy and is specifically designed to normalise the Hair Growth Cycle and promote normal, healthy hair growth. It is an oral supplements are well-accepted by many Singapore doctors for hair loss treatment to restore thick and healthy hair, with 94% of women noting an increase in hair volume after taking it. It’s also safe for consumption by men. 

Female Hair Loss Pattern 

Female Hair Loss Pattern is the most common cause of hair loss in women and can begin in midlife, or even earlier for some women. It is a progressive condition, meaning that hair loss will continue, but unlike men, you won’t lose all of your hair. Typical signs include: 

  • Gradual thinning at the part line till it gets wider 
  • Hair near your temples may recede 
  • Widespread thinning if there is no treatment 

Female pattern hair loss is hereditary – the risk is higher for women with a history of hair loss on either side of the family. Because it is more common after menopause, hormones may also play a role. 

Androgenetic alopecia involves the action of the hormones called androgens, which are essential for normal male sexual development. However, unlike men, in women, the precise role of androgens is harder to determine. In addition to genes, female pattern hair loss could also be caused by overproduction of androgen or an androgen-secreting tumour on the pituitary, ovary, or adrenal gland. 

The Ludwig Classification is used by clinicians to describe female pattern hair loss. Type I is minimal thinning which can be camouflaged with hairstyling techniques. Type II is characterized by decreased hair volume and visible widening of the mid-line part. Type III refers to diffuse thinning, where there is a see-through appearance on the top of the scalp. 

Almost every woman may develop some degree of female pattern hair loss. It can start any time after puberty but is most often noticed around menopause when hair loss increases. 

Treatment for female hair loss 

Doctors will diagnose female pattern hair loss by taking a medical history and examining the scalp. They will observe the pattern of hair loss, check for any signs of inflammation or infection, and might order a blood test to investigate other possible causes of hair loss, such as hyperthyroidism or iron deficiency. If there are signs of excess androgen activity (e.g. acne, menstrual irregularities, abnormal hair growth), then the doctor will help to investigate further into hormonal activity. 

Here are the most common treatments for female hair loss. 

1. Medications or supplements

As discussed earlier, topical application of Minoxidil or Rogaine can also be used by women to treat hair loss. However, some women may find that it causes contact dermatitis due to the alcohol that is included to facilitate drying. As such, always consult your doctor to seek advice on the level of concentration you should be using. 

The anti-androgen drug Spironolactone may be prescribed by doctors for women who don’t benefit from Minoxidil. It may also be prescribed to women who are suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as they tend to make excess androgens. 

Iron deficiency may cause hair loss. Your doctor may test your blood iron level especially if you’re a vegetarian, have a history of anaemia, or have heavy menstrual bleeding. Taking a supplement may help to lessen hair loss in this case. Do also check with our doctors on Nourkrin Hair Growth+, an oral supplement for hair loss as it could be beneficial for you. 

2. Hair Transplantation 

This procedure was discussed earlier, and can be done for women too. It’s not recommended unless you have severe hair loss. 

3. Regenera Activa

This is a trending treatment that involves the injection of stem cells into the hair loss area. However, there is some pain involved with local anaesthesia required. It would also take quite a fair bit of time and money to truly see visible results, with multiple injection sessions required. 

4. Eeva Medical Grade Laser, Clinical Scalp Repair, Korean-Israeli BioSignal PDRN Follicle Therapy 

We have many female patients who truly enjoy and benefit from going for hair regrowth and hair loss treatment at Eeva Medical Aesthetic Clinic, and we offer up-to-date and scientifically researched options that benefit any stage of hair loss, whether mild, moderate or severe. 

As described previously, our holistic and personalized approach to hair loss comprises of: 

  1. Proven in-clinic treatments & protocols, backed by years of R&D 
  2. Personalized skincare and haircare, where our lady doctors will customize a long term all-rounded program for you after an in-depth analysis of your hair and scalp condition 
  3. Clinically approved medication and supplements prescribed by our doctors that not only solve problems but also address the cause and restore your body back to the peak of health. 

This comprehensive approach ensures optimal results for every single of our patients embarking on their personal enhancement journey with Eeva. 

Our medical team is staffed with experienced doctors and therapists who are passionate about delivering the results our patients want. We treat every patient with love, respect, fairness, and honesty. More importantly with 40 years of collective experience and fair pricing, our doctors handle your concerns with confidentiality and professionalism, customizing your treatment to your preferences, needs, schedule, and budget. Don’t be shy, simply drop us a line if you have any questions. 

Conclusion 

Hair loss doesn’t have to be painful and confusing. We’ve shared clear and precise knowledge about hair loss faced by men and women. Couple that with the caring hands of our doctors and it’s not difficult to see why so many patients return to Eeva for multiple sessions. Contact us now for a consultation with our medical team, our doctors warmly welcome you with open hearts. 

Sources 
  1. Zarei, M., Wikramanayake, T. C., Falto-Aizpurua, L., Schachner, L. A., & Jimenez, J. J. (2016, February). Low level laser therapy and hair regrowth: An evidence-based review. Lasers in medical science. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26690359. 
  2. Koyama, T., Kobayashi, K., Hama, T., Murakami, K., & Ogawa, R. (2016, January 25). Standardized scalp massage results in increased hair thickness by inducing stretching forces to dermal papilla cells in the subcutaneous tissue. Eplasty. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4740347/. 

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